• Pages

  •   Number 27 , 28   Year 8

    • Number27 , 28   Year8
    • SpringSummer 2015
      • Open Access Paper

        1 - Developing a Framework for Technology Intelligence Process in SMEs
             
        Technology intelligence is a concept that enables firms to detect technological opportunities and risks which influence their future progress and performance of trade, therefore using this concept by organizations and corporations can be noteworthy. On the other hand, l Full Text
        Technology intelligence is a concept that enables firms to detect technological opportunities and risks which influence their future progress and performance of trade, therefore using this concept by organizations and corporations can be noteworthy. On the other hand, literature has dealt with different models for realization of technology intelligence, and in any of them, multiple stages are introduced. Hence in this research, surveying four models and concluding relevant stages of each, we introduced a model for implementation of technology intelligence concept. In this model three elements which are ignored by existing models - time, requisite activity and management of technology intelligence - are regarded as proposed factors. In this research we used information from libraries to collect the literature. At the end of this article, there is also a suggestion in order to implement further researches. Paper Details
      • Open Access Paper

        2 - review on commercialization liner models and survay their differences and common points
           
        Today, researches importance is because of innovation and innovation importance is because of economic profit. Researches commercialization is the important portion of innovation process and without that, no product or technology can influence into the market. Commercia Full Text
        Today, researches importance is because of innovation and innovation importance is because of economic profit. Researches commercialization is the important portion of innovation process and without that, no product or technology can influence into the market. Commercialization is a process to make profit from innovation via applying new technology to generate new products, processes, services and selling them in markets. In most of new technologies, commercialization implies production scale, increasing from initial sample to mass production and accessing to more resources. It is required to be familiar with commercialization models for using its concept in organizations. Technology commercialization models are consisting of the maps of activities development paths and strategic planning for technology commercialization. These models are divided to linear and nonlinear models. Linear models show a combination of experience and specialty in the fields of research, product development, marketing and business development. Therefore in this research in addition to defining commercialization, the eight important models from linear commercialization models and their differences and common points will be studied. The conclusions of this study show that the best theoretical framework in commercialization patterns, regardless of organization specifications in which innovation system is working, is the Jolly model. This model because of details determination of commercialization process and attention to market needs, related to other models, is more applicable. This model with Gold Smith model which prescribe a set of instructions for each stage of business cycle, can be applied as a model to develop and commercialize new products Paper Details
      • Open Access Paper

        3 - Developing Science, Technology and Innovation Policies for developing countries: Conceptual model and comparative analysis
           
        In national Innovation System (NIS) of countries, science, technology and innovation policies are very important. Since these three areas are crucial in NIS and have an impact on it and vice versa. In policy making process and implementing the science, technology and in Full Text
        In national Innovation System (NIS) of countries, science, technology and innovation policies are very important. Since these three areas are crucial in NIS and have an impact on it and vice versa. In policy making process and implementing the science, technology and innovation policies the results and aftermath and evaluation of these policies can enhance the learning capability in NIS and finally can lead to developing systematic science, technology and innovation policies. In this paper we aim by a literature review on this subject and studying the experiences of several countries on science, technology and innovation policies, and a conceptual framework is designed. Here, a framework for science, technology and innovation policy is offered which reflects the influential factors and elements on developing these policies. The findings show that, stating systematic process of policy making for science, technology and innovation, expert opinion, doing field research and studying, finding problems and environmental influential factors, planning, implementing policies and evaluation of their impacts have crucial significance. Paper Details
      • Open Access Paper

        4 - Comparative impact measurement of polytechnics on industry and technology a Bibliometrics study
             
        Introduction and goal: universities spend large sums of money and resources on scientific research which short terms results are often difficult to predict, medium term achievements are uncertain, and long term returns may prove disappointing. In a policy making view, t Full Text
        Introduction and goal: universities spend large sums of money and resources on scientific research which short terms results are often difficult to predict, medium term achievements are uncertain, and long term returns may prove disappointing. In a policy making view, these expenses should be justified for society that are the real investors. The goal of this paper is to investigate comparative impact of Iran’s polytechnics on industry and technology. Method: This paper use Bibliometrics methods and indicators. 17 polytechnics are evaluated based on their patent’s citations to scientific articles, innovative knowledge, technological impacts, Joint research publications with industry and number of patents in 4 patents databases including General Office of Industrial Property patent database, Us patent and EPO. Findings: Among Iran’s polytechnics and based on innovative knowledge, number of Us patents citations and University-industry research cooperation Sharif university is first. In technological impacts Isfahan University of Technology is first and this university is jointly first with K.N.Toosi University of Technology based on PCT patents. Amirkabir University based on intramural patents is in first place. Iran’s polytechnics haven’t good position relative to world class universities. Paper Details
      • Open Access Paper

        5 - Take the role of Knowledge Creation in entrepreneurship among Entrepreneurship students of Tehran University
               
        This study aimed to investigate the relationship between Knowledge Creation and Entrepreneurship among graduate students in Tehran University's School of Entrepreneurship. This method is based on the purpose and nature of the application and the cross correlation. The p Full Text
        This study aimed to investigate the relationship between Knowledge Creation and Entrepreneurship among graduate students in Tehran University's School of Entrepreneurship. This method is based on the purpose and nature of the application and the cross correlation. The population of the study, the students of Tehran University Graduate School of Entrepreneurship in the 94-93 school year. The sample size through simple random sampling method and Cochran formula, 120, respectively. Questionnaire research tools Knowledge Creation Nonaka (1983) and entrepreneurship Badri et al(1385) respectively. Reliability and validity using Cronbach's alpha coefficient for knowledge creation 0/793 and 0/861 were calculated Entrepreneurship and confirmatory factor analysis was used to check the validity of the method. Data obtained using single-sample t-test, Pearson correlation and stepwise regression analysis was performed. The results showed a significant positive correlation with knowledge creation and its components with entrepreneurship. The components Knowledge Creation, three socialing, Externalization and Internalization ability to predict Entrepreneurship. Paper Details
      • Open Access Paper

        6 - The Role of incubators and science and technology parks in the development of knowledge-based Entreprises
           
        knowledge based Enterprises are created for the development of new technologies, creation of wealth in society, disseminating knowledge, entrepreneurship promotion, Creation new jobs, sustainable knowledge based economics and development economic efficiency. in a world Full Text
        knowledge based Enterprises are created for the development of new technologies, creation of wealth in society, disseminating knowledge, entrepreneurship promotion, Creation new jobs, sustainable knowledge based economics and development economic efficiency. in a world where knowledge what comes first, In this regard and for the development of such companies, Comprehensive support services needed to exist for support the development of these companies. science and technology parks and incubators are One of the most important centers in order to promote innovation and entrepreneurship and economics development. the knowledge based companies developed and will be active in the economic cycle To support these centers. Science and technology parks, has established flow science and technology between the university & R & D centers and industry and runs the economics development. So in this article we have tried to define these entreprises and support centers then referred to the role of each centers in the development of knowledge-based companies and finally has been applied Conclusion. Paper Details
      • Open Access Paper

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