• Pages

  •   Number 35 , 36   Year 10

    • Number35 , 36   Year10
    • SpringSummer 2017
      • Open Access Paper

        1 - INTRODUCING A MODEL FOR IDENTIFICATION OF FACTORS IN ACADEMIC INCUBATORS AND ITS ROLE IN ESTABLISHMENT OF SPIN-OFFS
         
        This study aims at identification of effective factors in academic incubators and its role in establishment of university spin-offs. The methodology of this study was mixed, 13 people participated in qualitative section (interview) and 170 people participated in quantit Full Text
        This study aims at identification of effective factors in academic incubators and its role in establishment of university spin-offs. The methodology of this study was mixed, 13 people participated in qualitative section (interview) and 170 people participated in quantitative section of this study. The results of qualitative section indicated that in establishment of university spin-offs, four main dimensions along with 60 components, infrastructure (14 components), services (17 components), management and employees (16 components) and outputs (13 components) play some role. In quantitative section, the findings showed that the output dimension with highest load factor (0.70) has the highest influence coefficient and other dimensions of management and employees, services and infrastructure are the next priorities. The organizational policies component in infrastructure dimension, tax aids in services dimension, protection of intellectual assets by managers in growth center in management and employees dimension and cooperation with local community in output dimension had the highest influence in explanation of each of these dimensions. Furthermore, the final model of the study was approved by fitness indices and standard coefficients. The influence coefficient of the dimensions of academic incubators had the highest influence coefficient in output dimension (0.70) and the lowest in infrastructure dimension (0.48).   Paper Details
      • Open Access Paper

        2 - Ranking of Iran’s universities and Industries based on the co-publication indicator in Persian journals of Islamic world Science Citation (ISC)
         
        Research collaboration between university and industry is so significant in knowledge flow from university to industry as well as makes it practical. One of the main channels for this purpose is university- industry co- publication.  The aim of the research is to inves Full Text
        Research collaboration between university and industry is so significant in knowledge flow from university to industry as well as makes it practical. One of the main channels for this purpose is university- industry co- publication.  The aim of the research is to investigate the university and industry collaboration based on the co-publication indicator in the Persian documents which are indexed in the Iran Science Citation Index (SCI) in 1994 and also to identify universities and industries that collaborate in these publications and finally to map the structure of co- publication network on the political map of Iran. In order to calculate the collaboration, the “total count” method of co-authored is applied and collaboration network is mapped by Excel and Ucinet and Pajek soft wares in the GPS environment.   The results shows that in 1394, 270 co- publication articles were indexed in the SCI database by 94 universities and 150 industry unites. Adjusting geographical distribution of co-publications of university and industry on Iran’s political map revealed that 30 provinces involved in collaboration. Among them Tehran province  has the most collaboration with others and Khoozestan and Esfahan provinces are in next ranks respectively. The results show that the number of co-publication of university and industry, is so low and is limited to the specified universities and industries. Because of the importance of  co-publication as a tool to commercialize university knowledge and improving targets of knowledge- based economy, the research policies  should be adopting in the way that increase the publication of university and industry.   Paper Details
      • Open Access Paper

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      • Open Access Paper

        4 - A reflection on the ethics of professional ethics in university governance; providing solutions to improve university communication with society
           
        Today, the standards and demands of the community have shifted to universities and pushed them to turn their own situation. A desirable university governance, with the integrity and comprehensiveness of various types of governance, as well as the observance of professio Full Text
        Today, the standards and demands of the community have shifted to universities and pushed them to turn their own situation. A desirable university governance, with the integrity and comprehensiveness of various types of governance, as well as the observance of professional ethics standards in all university sub-systems, can lead to successful leadership of the university institution. The goal of the present study is to determine the position of professional ethics in academic governance. In this paper, we tried to use a descriptive-analytical method based on the results of previous research and scientific documents, as well as a comprehensive study of the importance of professional ethics in the management and administration of the university. In the following: After collecting, selecting, tabling and categorizing materials, after reading the books and sources, scientific documents and documents are available. Then the material is organized to achieve research questions. The research tool was a vector check and the obtained data were classified and analyzed according to the purpose and the research questions using the collected documents. In line with the extensive study of resources, there are some solutions to the importance and role of ethics in governance. In the end, it should be noted that since the university administration, as a cultural and moral institution, needs policy and decision making as well as its own planning, so that decisions and programs should be based on ethical principles and values. So that it can be more effective at university leadership and also endorsed by the members of the expert community to ensure that internal and external responsibility and accountability are also guaranteed. Paper Details
      • Open Access Paper

        5 - World-Class University: An exploration of Concepts, Approaches and Strategies
               
        Raising the educational and academic status and ranking of universities to that of internationally accepted world-class universities has become the goal of many university higher administrators around the globe in recent years. This trend has been made possible and acce Full Text
        Raising the educational and academic status and ranking of universities to that of internationally accepted world-class universities has become the goal of many university higher administrators around the globe in recent years. This trend has been made possible and accelerated by rapid global economic growth and development. World-class universities, are essential in developing a nation’s competitiveness in the global knowledge economy. These universities, at the pinnacle of the higher education hierarchy, play key roles in creating and disseminating knowledge, educating a highly skilled workforce, and serving the needs of society. This paper tries to take advantage of the existing literature in the field of World-Class University, and with do a review of the literature the introduce the concept of World-Class University and strategies towards the building world-class universities. The results indicated that in recent years The concept of the world-class university has become a concept much invoked by governments and also by universities themselves in many countries and is an idea now firmly embedded in the higher education policies and strategies of a range of nations. Various developmental strategies at national and institutional levels have been drawn up and implemented. Clearly the worldwide market for students and the ceaseless search for research funding and prestige are crucial elements in this fascination with the idea of a world-class university, as well as the desire of governments for universities to contribute to their national economies. Despite or maybe because of the lack of a clear definition of the concept,  the ‘world-class’ notion  has become everyday language in many universities. This paper tries to take advantage of the existing literature in the field of World-Class University, and with do a review of the literature the introduce the concept of World-Class University and strategies towards the building world-class universities.   Paper Details
      • Open Access Paper

        6 - The Smart Specialisation and the roles of universities in the ecosystem of innovation in the evolution towards sustainability.
           
        Globalisation and the rise of the knowledge economy have contributed to redefining and extending the roles of universities in society. Together with teaching (first mission) and researching (second mission), the third-mission concept and fourth mission was suggested to Full Text
        Globalisation and the rise of the knowledge economy have contributed to redefining and extending the roles of universities in society. Together with teaching (first mission) and researching (second mission), the third-mission concept and fourth mission was suggested to identify interactions between universities and the rest of society, and co-creation for sustainability. This transition have been transformed from entrepreneurial to transformative university. The basic enabler of innovation (co- creation and exploitation of knowledge, seeking for opportunity and capacity building), the basic principle of triple and fourth(quadruple)helix , and the role of universities in the third and fourth missions to develop capacities and support the change in concept of innovation through the Smart Specialisation Strategy(S3) and several studies in this context was discussed. from the perspective of innovation policy, several trend and problem in lagged and developing countries in conclusion was discussed. Paper Details