• Pages

  •   Number 7 , 8   Year 3

    • Number7 , 8   Year3
    • SpringSummer 2010
      • Open Access Paper

        1 - The Role of Research and Development Centers in System of Innovation (R&D)
             
        : One critical factor which has given rise to the gap among countries is the difference among them regarding their capabilities for fostering innovation in all aspect including political, economic, culture and social. Given the rapid technology advancement so far, and w Full Text
        : One critical factor which has given rise to the gap among countries is the difference among them regarding their capabilities for fostering innovation in all aspect including political, economic, culture and social. Given the rapid technology advancement so far, and with regard to predictions as to the continuation of the existing trend in the future, one can say the gap will be enlarged in the years to come if no precautions are taken. One way to cope with the challenge is to improve the innovation capacity within the country through increasing research and development activities in all economic sectors countries with more costs spent on research are more developed technologically and industrially. Therefore, the article seeks to explore the role of research and development centers in innovation; the methodology used to achieve this goal was documental analysis. Findings indicate there ought to be appropriate interactions among the main components of "National Innovation System", i.e. government, industry, university and other research institutions; these interactions need to be accomplished through expanding research and development activities and making applicable the finding of research. Therefore, one can conclude there exists a direct relationship between research and innovation and hence the actual development in all countries, especially Iran .So, the obstacles impeding the progress of research and innovation (some of which have been reviewed in this study) should be abolished. Paper Details
      • Open Access Paper

        2 - Study of Environment Effect on Establishment & Development of the University Incubators (New Approach on Entrepreneurship University and Relation between Industry & University)
         
        Business transformation and essential formation of science and technology centers with entrepreneurship universities, caused to reengineer mission of government and science centers and the establishment and development of science parks become the priority of the develop Full Text
        Business transformation and essential formation of science and technology centers with entrepreneurship universities, caused to reengineer mission of government and science centers and the establishment and development of science parks become the priority of the development of science and technology planning. So that incubators and science parks can cause development of universities and make them in touch with society and the other hand to appear Entrepreneurship University. This paper is the result of field study based on SWOT analysis. The data have collected from establishers and developers of incubators in public and private universities straights, weakness, opportunities and treatments points identified and the more important effects of establishment and development of incubators on success of universities to achieve Entrepreneurship University, ranked. The conclusions of study, confirmed the necessary examples for introducing a set of straights, weakness, opportunities and treatments points. Furthermore based on this study, the most important effects of establish incubators are: creating occupation, entrepreneurship, promotion education quality, making universities to compete, commercialize research activities, develop innovation and creating of students and efficient relation between university and industry. Paper Details
      • Open Access Paper

        3 - Measuring motivation and job satisfaction in industry and the role of government and university in their improvement
           
        Improving staff motivation in any working area has direct effect on productivity improvement. To achieve this important goal, identification and measurement of factors in promoting motivation is highly important and can help managers in achieving the organization goals. Full Text
        Improving staff motivation in any working area has direct effect on productivity improvement. To achieve this important goal, identification and measurement of factors in promoting motivation is highly important and can help managers in achieving the organization goals. Considering the importance of motivation and job satisfaction, this paper intends to design and develop the indicators to measure motivation and job satisfaction in a specific industry based on the Herzberg theory. By applying fuzzy method and calculating and analysing the indices, guidelines for staff improvement in the industry by Government and university will be provided. The results show that the application of designed indicators will enhance motivation and increase job satisfaction in the studied industry Paper Details
      • Open Access Paper

        4 - Successful Cases of University and Industry Interaction
           
        in this paper the interaction between university and industry for developed country has been studied. For this, we First have identified the fundamental parameters, which are important for this cooperation. Second the advantage and weakness of there parameter were recog Full Text
        in this paper the interaction between university and industry for developed country has been studied. For this, we First have identified the fundamental parameters, which are important for this cooperation. Second the advantage and weakness of there parameter were recognized. We hope our officials and scientists would learn from these experiences and design a suitable model for university and industry relation for Islamic republic of Iran Paper Details
      • Open Access Paper

        5 - The Effect of 1% Law in Industry- University Relation Development
         
        In this report, our review of work carried out to evaluate and analyze the parliamentary act defines as law of 1%, which has played a critical role in Iranian S&T development during last three years. This act has been legally confirmed by Islamic Parliament since 2007 Full Text
        In this report, our review of work carried out to evaluate and analyze the parliamentary act defines as law of 1%, which has played a critical role in Iranian S&T development during last three years. This act has been legally confirmed by Islamic Parliament since 2007 in annual budget plan and this confirmation repeated three successive years with small changes. The main job was in practice since 2008, based on this rule more than 530 governmental companies, institutes and banks should increase their S&T investment up to one percent of their annual operational income. In general, during years 2007 to 2010, more than 9762 research priority introduced by these companies and 5247 research projects have been signed. The total amount of these projects was about 8300 B Rls ($830 M). Also in this work, the opportunities and challenges have been reviewed and few comments recommended for annual budget of 2011- 2012 (1390). Paper Details
      • Open Access Paper

        6 - Science and technology problem in future
         
        Scientific results about Foresighting show that the most change in this field are due to development of science and technology. We also can see that the recent problems such as leakages of water, air pollution and traffic are because of upgrading, science of technology Full Text
        Scientific results about Foresighting show that the most change in this field are due to development of science and technology. We also can see that the recent problems such as leakages of water, air pollution and traffic are because of upgrading, science of technology too Paper Details
      • Open Access Paper

        7 - Systemic Approach on Higher Education Quality in the National Innovation System Framework
         
        There is a National Innovation System in countries which includes network of different institutions, that their interactions provide appropriate ground for production and development of science and technology. This system forms value chain from idea to product and marke Full Text
        There is a National Innovation System in countries which includes network of different institutions, that their interactions provide appropriate ground for production and development of science and technology. This system forms value chain from idea to product and market and provides innovation climate and innovative activities throughout this chain. Higher education sector is one of the core elements of national innovation system (NIS). Then quality concept in higher education can be analyzed in this system, which now changed to national open innovation system (NOIS). Actually, by systemic approach, higher education quality is influenced by NOIS in one hand and impacts on it from other hand. Therefore, quality in higher education is a multidimensional concept which needs a quality plan and quality management. This paper aims by stating the higher education position in the NIS and with focusing on developments of its mission, to reflect the role of Technology management on quality issue with systemic approach. Then, it defines quality by considering the position and mission of higher education sector along with offering a conceptual model. It is evident that, quality should be considered as a flow and culture not as a tool until could be institutionalized. In this respect, it is required to develop and execute short and long term quality plans in line with NIS. Paper Details
      • Open Access Paper

        8 - The interaction of academic and industrial institutions based On the National Innovation System
             
        Establishing and strengthening the relation between academic institutions and industrial enterprises has become the most important challenge for innovation policy in different countries. From the national innovation system perspective, establishing and enhancing the m Full Text
        Establishing and strengthening the relation between academic institutions and industrial enterprises has become the most important challenge for innovation policy in different countries. From the national innovation system perspective, establishing and enhancing the mentioned relations will contribute for creation, transfer, diffusion and utilization of knowledge resources. In different countries, formal and informal mechanisms are used to establish the relationship among the different scientific and industrial sectors which these experiences can be advantaged for our country. In this paper, the experiences of some other countries are analyzed regarding to promote the relations between the scientific institutions comprise the universities and research centers and the industrial sector Paper Details