• Pages

  •   Number 25 , 26   Year 7

    • Number25 , 26   Year7
    • AutumnWinter 2014
      • Open Access Paper

        1 - Comparative analysis of entrepreneurial culture University of Semnan, and Industrial Estates Semnan
             
        This study is a descriptive view of the underlying component and factors influencing the development of entrepreneurial culture enumerated and explained the status comparative analysis between our entrepreneurial culture and Industrial Estates province of Semnan Univers Full Text
        This study is a descriptive view of the underlying component and factors influencing the development of entrepreneurial culture enumerated and explained the status comparative analysis between our entrepreneurial culture and Industrial Estates province of Semnan University explored. The study population consisted of all managers and experts in Semnan, 350 people, including 50 managers and experts in Industrial Estates is that Morgan and selected by stratified random sampling. Standard questionnaires for data collection, which McGuire validity content validity and reliability with Cronbach's alpha coefficient (86/0r =) respectively. Collected data using descriptive statistics including frequency distribution, measures of central tendency and dispersion (mean ± SD) and were analyzed by t-test. The main results of this study indicate that managers and experts from University of Industrial Estates and the entrepreneurial culture of collaboration and open communication in that there are significant differences,and the results showed that the status of the University of entrepreneurial culture and Industrial Estates Corporation is desirable. Paper Details
      • Open Access Paper

        2 - Open innovation and its necessity in organizations
         
        By implementing open innovation management, the businesses can enjoy reduction of innovation cost and shorter maturity time of the innovative ideas. Even several businesses can participate in open innovation. Through this, the companies shorten their way to harmonizatio Full Text
        By implementing open innovation management, the businesses can enjoy reduction of innovation cost and shorter maturity time of the innovative ideas. Even several businesses can participate in open innovation. Through this, the companies shorten their way to harmonization with the market and attracting novel ideas in the more dynamic, competitive, and wider markets. Thus, the management needs to recognize the outcomes of different market business models and prepare the infrastructure in a way to guarantee their business's survival in the innovation environment. Open innovation is one of the modern innovation paradigms which is perfectly implemented in multination companies. The tools introduced by the paradigm ensure maximum value added in the businesses along with improvement of quality level and satisfaction of all customers. The present study was conducted as a review research, in which necessity of the implementation of open innovation to achieve customer satisfaction and reengineering the business is emphasized through defining the open innovation, proposing conceptual models, and introducing practical models in Iran and other countries. Given that majority of large/average/small producing businesses lack functional research and development department to bring in innovation-based technologies, the national open innovation plan is a solution for the current challenges ahead of industrial units. The plan provides a dynamic and mutual interaction among the owners of the industries and producing units to employ all the untouched resources specially academic environments, university professors, students, and innovating entrepreneurs. The plan forms the triangle of industry, government, and university Paper Details
      • Open Access Paper

        3 - University Entrepreneur Fear and hope in knowledge-based economy
           
        Universities during the transition period itself. World wide socio-economic developments have profound influences and pressures on higher education has increased exponentially. In the meantime, the university is expected that the new responsibilities as regional economi Full Text
        Universities during the transition period itself. World wide socio-economic developments have profound influences and pressures on higher education has increased exponentially. In the meantime, the university is expected that the new responsibilities as regional economic and social development, public budget cuts, and getting students embraced the skills, entrepreneurial behavior and pursue commercialization of research and Spin-off academic firms. Otherwise, like any organism that does not understand their changing environment and ecology, can lose their survival. The new role of the university is well-known function that is causing fear and hope. The present review addresses these concerns and hopes, for the purpose, is a type of applied research. In terms of data collection, the type of qualitative research, and research library (a kind of meta-synthesis of secondary studies) using information resources in the field of entrepreneurship and technology transfer from academic databases is provided. Data analysis occurred in three phases: review of the literature Summarizing and final mix and aggregate fear and hope. Article concludes despite concerns about the changing role of universities in a knowledge economy, hopes is more and also recent developments reflects fast toward entrepreneurial approach to commercialization of academic research achievements. Paper Details
      • Open Access Paper

        4 - The rise of science and technology parks and incubators distinction of traditional and modern University
           
        Recent developments in the era of post-industrial society, communities and organizations are compelled to emphasize the development of science, technology, innovation and entrepreneurship, as well as maximum flexibility and compatibility with the environment is complex. Full Text
        Recent developments in the era of post-industrial society, communities and organizations are compelled to emphasize the development of science, technology, innovation and entrepreneurship, as well as maximum flexibility and compatibility with the environment is complex. In other words, the human in the first decade of the third millennium, the transition of the global economy and massive industrial and technological developments, the steps taken in an era where knowledge is the basis of all fields and areas have. In this era, the era of entrepreneurship has been named in a sense, science, technology and innovation is the basis of all societies. Entrepreneurship as an important weapon scientific and economic advancement in developed countries, can lead to job creation, increase productivity, promote economic development and welfare in countries such as Iran provide. One of the requirements of the development of science and technology, creating a shared understanding of the importance of science, technology and innovation in the Community Through mobilization of national resources and the creation of a comprehensive system of science and technology in the It is necessary to promote the role of small and medium enterprises in the new collections as science and technology parks and incubators will be. Paper Details
      • Open Access Paper

        5 - Institutional Research, a new approach to the development of university-industry relations
             
        University and industry development in any society are two fundamental pillars of cooperation between the two is a prerequisite for success and accelerate the development process. Study and compare the relationship between university and industry in different countries, Full Text
        University and industry development in any society are two fundamental pillars of cooperation between the two is a prerequisite for success and accelerate the development process. Study and compare the relationship between university and industry in different countries, the course of action, the mechanisms employed and the results of this relationship to obtain a suitable model for the relationship between universities and industry is of great importance. Although patterns of university-industry links or greatly influenced by national factors and internal factors university to be established in different ways and each of the countries tested, but usually the focus of new research found that the university can be considered and used. The missing link between industry and university are parks and incubators and institutional research offices. This offices with emphasis on the role of external accountability to link the stronger and stronger this relationship help. The study aimed to explore the institutional research and university-industry has been done using the library and documentary studies have attempted to gather information. Paper Details
      • Open Access Paper

        6 - Designing a Safety Development Management System in a Maritime in a Development
               
        Aviation accidents and dangers caused from mistakes which exist in all level and units of executive aviation system. So essence of creation a system for safety management in Iran aviation industry is a decisive issue among country responsibles. Research, planning, metho Full Text
        Aviation accidents and dangers caused from mistakes which exist in all level and units of executive aviation system. So essence of creation a system for safety management in Iran aviation industry is a decisive issue among country responsibles. Research, planning, methodology and integration are some characters of this system. In fact one of new techniques for enhancing safety level in aviation industry is safety management system, which set up security processes by comprehensive, integrated and systematic aspects also bring certainty to aviation safety management with advanced prevention proceedings. This system converge all processes and activities of management according to enhancing aviation safety level, also help the management to achieve to the aims. Therefore, the main aim of this research is designing a system for safety management in Iran’s aviation industry. At first for doing of this research, enough and essential informations (including theoretical bases, international documents and experiences, also domestic information in Iran) are gathered and a theory base model designed. Then the model was examined by field studies in reality. In the first stage of field study, quality technique was chosen for examination of model. Non-structural focus group interview, by sampling from all elites and professionals of research subject were used in this stage. Quantitative technique was the methodology of second stage field study. In this stage a questionnaire designed also validity and certainty of it confirmed by statistic measures. Then sample amount and distribution of respondents were chosen from research statistic community, by random sampling. Flight managers and experts, international affair aviation managers, top managers of construction and city designing ministry, national aviation organization, national airports firm and Iran aviation firms were the research statistic community. Result of questionnaires was analyzed by structural formula method and at the end final research model com out from examination process. Four main processes are defined for aviation safety management system in final model of research. These processes are top management process, main processes, supportive processes and feedback processes. The research result shows that, top management process has the most effect on aviation safety management system. The second position from this point of view belongs to supportive processes. Also the least effect on safety management system belongs to feedback processes. For execution of each four processes, we need to define sub-processes and sub-activities then we should do them in harmonized way. In the field of planning and policy making for Iran aviation safety management system, although some scattered studies has made by responsible authorities but the main country policies in this field hasn’t written yet. So this research tries to figure out the strategic map of aviation safety management and design a system for it. Paper Details