• Pages

  •   Number 29 , 30   Year 8

    • Number29 , 30   Year8
    • SpringSummer 2015
      • Open Access Paper

        1 - Study and pattern recognition of innovative organization and the process for designing and operating.
               
        We are living in the world that increasingly facing with more dynamic, complex unpredictable business context. So, the random innovation are not able to keep the long term competitive advantage of the company and even their survival, so long term success of companies is Full Text
        We are living in the world that increasingly facing with more dynamic, complex unpredictable business context. So, the random innovation are not able to keep the long term competitive advantage of the company and even their survival, so long term success of companies is depended on innovativeness, but Iranian company leader and researcher pay less attention to this matter. So, in response to this need, in this paper we will analysis the innovation and innovativeness concept and their difference. Then, we shall describe the main characteristic of innovative organization, and phases of designing and implementing of this organization. Finally, the challenges and prospect that they are facing with shall be explained. Paper Details
      • Open Access Paper

        2 - Knowledge and technology Gatekeeper: implications and important Role
           
        Many companies benefit from the technology transfer to enhance their competitive advantage. Although technology transfer leading to competitive advantage not only at the corporate level, but also at the macro level, technology transfer means towards economic growth, soc Full Text
        Many companies benefit from the technology transfer to enhance their competitive advantage. Although technology transfer leading to competitive advantage not only at the corporate level, but also at the macro level, technology transfer means towards economic growth, social development, quality of life, and even the development of the culture and value systems. Therefore, it is not surprising that interest in "the concept of" technology transfer in the past few decades has been attention and literature has grown exponentially. Important concepts in this field that identifies the important role it plays in the successful transfer of technology, is the concept of "gatekeeper". This paper tries to take advantage of the existing literature in the field of technology transfer, the first to introduce the concept of gatekeeper and then do a review of the literature. Paper Details
      • Open Access Paper

        3 - The Relation between University and Industry and Its Challenges: A Qualitative Study among Tehran University Students
         
        A more increasing contribution to innovation and technology development, along with educational and research missions, is the new identity universities adopt in knowledge societies. Accordingly, universities, as the foundation generating knowledge as well as an entrepre Full Text
        A more increasing contribution to innovation and technology development, along with educational and research missions, is the new identity universities adopt in knowledge societies. Accordingly, universities, as the foundation generating knowledge as well as an entrepreneur, play an essential role in innovation. Having conducted an experimental study, the current article both described the interaction between universities and industry and evaluated the challenges this relation would face via a qualitative method and through analyzing Tehran University PhD students’ viewpoints. As the results suggested, there was no consistent and meaningful relation between universities and industry. Moreover, there was no evidence showing the new identity of universities regarding industry. The best state of this relation is its socialistic model. As the PhD students stated, the absence of reciprocal needs including the absence of industry’s feeling of need for universities as well as universities’ lack of motivation for collaboration with industry were the factors preventing these two institutions from establishing a suitable relation. Paper Details
      • Open Access Paper

        4 - Identify factors affecting university-industry relations
         
        Since 1970s, the world witnessed the accelerator in technological and organizational innovation, knowledge has become a strategic asset and a key factor of development. University-industry relations have a long history, especially in developed countries. The aim of this Full Text
        Since 1970s, the world witnessed the accelerator in technological and organizational innovation, knowledge has become a strategic asset and a key factor of development. University-industry relations have a long history, especially in developed countries. The aim of this study was to identify factors affecting university-industry relations in Ilam’s SMEs. This study is exploratory approach and application-development. In qualitative research methods, statistical population, all the experts and professors in academia and industry who are aware about the relationship between university and industry, and they were interviewed. Through individual interviews with 30 experts and masters and through purposeful sampling and snowball method, the most important factors and elements that affect the relationship between industry and academia were identified. At the end, 27 factors identified were classified in four categories. According to interviews conducted with managers of SMEs and masters in university of Ilam, both communities had mentioned the relationship had very low level of because of these factors. According to interviews conducted in the relationship between universities and industry and the wide range of these interviews, along with taking into consideration all the comments the 11 factors in the university sector and 16 effective factors in the industrial sector with a high percentage taking comments were collected, identified and classified Paper Details
      • Open Access Paper

        5 - The effective factors in the establishment of university – industry relation
         
        To take steps for strengthening the interaction between university – industry, it is necessary to identify the key factors in establishing this relationship by planner and policy _ makers of industry and higher education sectors. This study was done by Survey_ descripti Full Text
        To take steps for strengthening the interaction between university – industry, it is necessary to identify the key factors in establishing this relationship by planner and policy _ makers of industry and higher education sectors. This study was done by Survey_ descriptive research methods. In this study, for early classification of effactive factors in establishing university – industry is considered research literature .Statistical population of this study was 624 faculty members from Azarbaijan Shahid Madani university and Tabriz university that 150 person was selected by Cochran sampling formula. For data collection we used 36 questions researcher made questionnaire. Then, identified the effective factors in the establishment of university – industry relation by exploratory factor analysis. Results showed that structure and sub structure, planning, rules and legislation, academic disciplines and projects, and government support are the effective factors for cooperation in university – industry relationship. Paper Details
      • Open Access Paper

        6 - Identify the Importance of Employment in the Industry Sector on Trade Liberalization and the Costs of Higher Education
             
        The employment is one of most important of macroeconomic variables for all country. Trade liberalization and the costs of higher education have effect of that. So, this paper survey the impact of Trade liberalization and the costs of higher education on the employment o Full Text
        The employment is one of most important of macroeconomic variables for all country. Trade liberalization and the costs of higher education have effect of that. So, this paper survey the impact of Trade liberalization and the costs of higher education on the employment of industry sector. For this object used data time series of 1979-2014 and the autoregressive distributed lag model (ARDL). After check the long run linkage, result show that, productivity of labor has negative effect and other variable such as: investment, Trade liberalization, costs of higher education and ratio of value add produce in industry on gross domestic product  have positive effects on the depend variable. Error Correction Model show, in any term be regulation 88 present for near to long run. So, offer increase investment in university and performance Trade liberalization can be better for increase employment in the country. Paper Details
      • Open Access Paper

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