• List of Articles


      • Open Access Article

        1 - The Incentives and Methods of Moving towards Self-governance at Iran’s Universities: A Critical Investigation
        mohammadreza zahiremami
        The author of this research is an experienced investor with a long-standing and established presence in the industry and has a dynamic relationship with local universities. He considers the first step as clearly defining the goals of academic self-governance, followed b Full Text
        The author of this research is an experienced investor with a long-standing and established presence in the industry and has a dynamic relationship with local universities. He considers the first step as clearly defining the goals of academic self-governance, followed by a thorough identification of incentives for self-governance at higher education institutions. Why should universities be self-governed?What measures need to be taken to achieve “self-governance” at universities?Below, the underlying reasons for progressing towards “self-governance” in higher education institutions will be explained in detail: -The need for investment to develop infrastructure pertinent to universities. -The Government’s limited and arguably insufficient funding for universities. -The need to foster financial and income diversity among universities. -Benefiting from the process of financing as a tool for transformation. -The need to increase welfare benefits and enhance general standards of living for academics through wealth creation by universities themselves. -The need for quantitative and qualitative enhancement of resources made available to university researchers, specialists, and consultants in the field of Industry and Economy. -Helping mitigate the “brain drain” crisis . -The need for improved standards of accountability with respect to university stakeholders. (Through a more prominent involvement of universities in the nation’s development process). -The need for innovation in the field of technology. -Increasing the competitiveness of local universities in accordance with international standards. -The need for independence and financial autonomy of universities to grow and evade restrictions. In this section, we will attempt to clarify our definition of "self-governance at universities" as financial self-governance – aiming to minimize reliance on public funds as the main source of endowments. By emphasizing on the lawful self-governance of universities, in line with their institutional missions, the potential of universities will no longer be constrained by the “what ifs” and “only ifs” commonly heard at academic institutions dependent on public funds. The need for self-governance (financial self-sufficiency) can also be traced in the Constitution. Finally, it is essential to note that by paving the way for self-governance at universities through the allocation of responsibilities among academia as their “national commitment”, we can help transform the industry and promote the sustainable development of the country. Addressing the methods of achieving self-governance, we should reevaluate our perception of universities by looking through a different lens. Perceiving universities as “enterprises” or “firms” reveals the nuanced dimensions of the issue and allows for greater emphasis to be put on "industry" as the main customer of universities. At the third and final stage of the quest, the deviser of the Bridge plan suggests that there will be a systematic yet creative connection between the notion of academic self-governance and the Bridge plan itself. The wagons of academic self-governance will fit perfectly on the railway tracks of the Bridge plan, and the train will head for the destination. In this part, we will provide a brief overview of the Bridge plan for those not familiar with it. The Bridge Plan: The metaphorical use of the term “bridge” is meant to describe the dynamic relationship between the industry and universities, as the driving forces behind the economic development of the country. It should be noted that the Bridge plan is a trnasformational progress towards tackling the most fundamental issues in the national economy–through a process-oriented and purposeful act of “bridgin Manuscript Document
      • Open Access Article

        2 - Payame Noor University and the horizon of future combined education
        Mohammad Reza  Zamani Mohammad  Khalaj
        Distance education is a new education system to organize the learning-memory process, the open education system due to its structural features has the ability to develop rapidly quantitatively and qualitatively at different times and places. Payame Noor University, as t Full Text
        Distance education is a new education system to organize the learning-memory process, the open education system due to its structural features has the ability to develop rapidly quantitatively and qualitatively at different times and places. Payame Noor University, as the only public university, with its open education system and a combined educational method, started its educational activities in 5 academic disciplines and 28 centers in October of year 1989, and had 512 centers and units until the beginning of 2011. In 2017 in order to reform the management methods and streamlining the enterprise and to create a new organization and structure in a regional manner and in line with the realization of the first paragraph of the 11th Strategic Action Plan of Payame Noor University, the organizing plan of the university centers, units and fields of study The agenda was put. In the first phase of the project, 160 units out of 490 units in the university have been organized, and by converting the scientific departments into colleges, the fields of study have also been organized. During the years 2019 to 2020, the university has tried to direct research towards application, entrepreneurship and creativity. The establishment of several growth centers, innovation and creativity centers in different provinces shows the orientation of the university towards entrepreneurial universities. Strengthening the electronic platform and the optimal use of existing facilities to improve the content production process as well as conducting electronic tests are among the priorities of the university that have always been considered during the last three years. Payam-e-Noor University's strategic plan for the development of e-learning in three areas: technology, education and organization is underway. Development of required infrastructure; Development of required infrastructure; Development of modern educational tools based on new technologies; Creating appropriate organizational structures and trained manpower; Production of up-to-date, dynamic and tailored electronic content; Funding and personalization of education is part of the vision of Payame Noor University e-learning. Manuscript Document
      • Open Access Article

        3 - The Necessity of Legal Support from Textile Industry
        ali mashhadi Maedeh  Pour barkhordari
        In recent years, the country's textile industry has faced numerous legal challenges. It can be said that the textile industry due to the constant demand for its types of products, considering that among the basic economic needs is in the third place the importance (afte Full Text
        In recent years, the country's textile industry has faced numerous legal challenges. It can be said that the textile industry due to the constant demand for its types of products, considering that among the basic economic needs is in the third place the importance (after food and housing), as well as its history in the country, its contribution to domestic and export needs Especially its job creation is of great importance. Legal and executive shortcomings in this area have caused the industry to suffer serious damage. This article attempts to address some of the legal issues and challenges of this industry. So first deals with the status and importance of the textile industry and then examines the legal issues of the textile industry and its challenges. The basic premise of this paper is that it is necessary to take a step in the textile industry by analyzing and studying its relative advantages in establishing the specific legal system. Manuscript Document
      • Open Access Article

        4 - Investigate and identify the challenges of the relationship between industry and academia
        Kamran  Malekpour ali delavar saeed ghiasi
        In order to achieve the goals of real and sustainable development, every society needs the interaction and continuous action of two scientific and technical institutions that are formed in the form of universities and industry. Due to the organic relations of these two Full Text
        In order to achieve the goals of real and sustainable development, every society needs the interaction and continuous action of two scientific and technical institutions that are formed in the form of universities and industry. Due to the organic relations of these two institutions that form a single system, a violation in each of them causes a violation in the whole system. The present study tries to identify the challenges and barriers of the relationship between industry and academia from the perspective of industry managers and university professors with an interpretive approach. The research approach used is qualitative methodology and ethnographic method has been used to conduct research operations. The data of this study were collected using participatory observation, semi-structured interview technique and document analysis and then combined using triangulation technique. The sampling method used in this study is qualitative-purposeful sampling and using the theoretical saturation index, 15 university professors and 10 industry managers were interviewed as a research sample. Their attitudes and views on the challenges and barriers to communication between industry and academia were examined. The main findings of this study using contextual theory include categories such as weakness in context and support, lack of knowledge and skills, lack of efficient management system, reluctance to communicate, lack of appropriate culture and beliefs, inflexibility of structure. Processes are the inability to network. According to the research, all these categories can be placed under the category of industry-university relationship challenge Manuscript Document
      • Open Access Article

        5 - Investigate the relationship between busy managers and earnings management with emphasis on the role of corporate governance at listed companies in Tehran Stock Exchange
        Ameneh  Bazrafshan Aynaz  Khorasanian
        There are controversial views about the implications of the use of busy managers on the board. Therefore, the purpose of this research is to investigate the relationship between busy managers and earnings management with an emphasis on the role of corporate governance. Full Text
        There are controversial views about the implications of the use of busy managers on the board. Therefore, the purpose of this research is to investigate the relationship between busy managers and earnings management with an emphasis on the role of corporate governance. The data required for this study included 90 companies that were accepted in Tehran Stock Exchange during the years 2011-2017. Results based on regression models show that busy managers have a negative and significant effect on real earnings management. In this way, employing busy managers on the board reduces the real earnings management and, consequently, increases the quality of earnings. However, there is not a meaningful relationship between the number of busy managers and accrual earnings management. In addition, the findings suggest that corporate governance does not have a significant effect on the relationship between busy managers with earnings management. In sum, the findings provide empirical evidence on overall employment policies Manuscript Document
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        6 - Ranking of the key success factors of outsourcing activities of universities maintenance and repair services using the Fuzzy approach (Case: Semnan University)
        Nasrin  Rahae Mohsen  Shafiei Nikabadi Azim  Zarei
        Outsourcing, if done right, has numerous benefits for the organization, and if the principles of outsourcing are not properly observed and hasty decisions are made, irreparable damages will follow.This research identification and prioritization of the key factors for th Full Text
        Outsourcing, if done right, has numerous benefits for the organization, and if the principles of outsourcing are not properly observed and hasty decisions are made, irreparable damages will follow.This research identification and prioritization of the key factors for the success of outsourcing maintenance and repair services using the Fuzzy approach in Semnan University, during the period of October to December 2019. Therefore, this study identified 6 main factors and 39 sub-factors for key success factors of outsourcing activities of semnan university net services by studying different research literature. The statistical population of the study includes all managers in the field of technical and civil engineering and financial and administrative vice chancellor of Semnan University and the samples have been selected as a purposeful and accessible judgment. Hypothesis test, fuzzy AHP and fuzzy ARAS were used to analyse the data and the results showed that the most important key success factors are: participation and support from senior managers, existence of effective clear and transparent communication program, existence of a special and trained team to perform outsourcing, ability to manage change, existence of specialized workforce, process reengineering, stability of political climate, availability to share knowledge, competencies and innovations.-based economy and also its strategic position in the innovation ecosystem, has been studied Manuscript Document