• Pages

  •   Number 5 , 6   Year 2

    • Number5 , 6   Year2
    • AutumnWinter 2009
      • Open Access Paper

        1 - Achievements of Internship Program implementation in Khorasan Electricity Industry
           
        Internship is one of the most effective programs in human development. This program, which is an industrial research project based internship, has proved to be very effective in human resources development and university – industry relations, while many industrial probl Full Text
        Internship is one of the most effective programs in human development. This program, which is an industrial research project based internship, has proved to be very effective in human resources development and university – industry relations, while many industrial problems were solved with minimal expenses. Khorasan Regional Electricity Company and Ferdowsi University of Mashhad started the internship program since 1382 (2004) with 25 projects in the first year and have completed 165 projects in 6 years. 72 university faculty members cooperated with the program and supervised the projects. 354 students found the opportunity to take part in the program as interns and to experience the industrial research and team work. 162 experts and managers from the industry cooperated with project teams and benefited from the experience of academic team work. Improved relation and confidence of industry and university management in research cooperation, increased interest of industry in defining new problems and outsourcing these projects to university, and enhanced cooperation between industry engineers and students and faculty members are some results of the internship program Paper Details
      • Open Access Paper

        2 - University Knowledge and Technology to Product Transfer to be Offered to Industries
               
        In this paper, the needs of Industry to use modern and high Technologies in order to increase Profitability and competitiveness in national and global markets were discussed. It has been demonstrated that in the current situations, the universities and research instit Full Text
        In this paper, the needs of Industry to use modern and high Technologies in order to increase Profitability and competitiveness in national and global markets were discussed. It has been demonstrated that in the current situations, the universities and research institutes are the most reliable source for supplying technology which could produce high added value. Practical solutions, to achieve to the target of producing income from commercialization of the technologies produced by the universities, presented in this article is investigating in producing units or technology providing offices which have active partnership with universities. To perform this idea, the universities could sell their intellectual properties to eligible companies. Management and Funding for this collection, composed of various units in different fields and with different backgrounds, according to this studies and according to the amendment to article 44 of the Iran constitution, the structure of parent companies, Joint Stock Company form and assigning preferred stock to the board of directors of the university is proposed Paper Details
      • Open Access Paper

        3 - Reengineering of Commercialization Process Based on Spin-Off Model
               
        In this paper, gaps in commercialization process in the industrial development and renovation organization of Iran (IDRO) were analyzed. The most important identified gap in the current commercialization process of IDRO is between know-how creation stage and business pl Full Text
        In this paper, gaps in commercialization process in the industrial development and renovation organization of Iran (IDRO) were analyzed. The most important identified gap in the current commercialization process of IDRO is between know-how creation stage and business plan preparation stage. Based on benchmarking in this study, Spin-Off model is the best alternative for modification of commercialization process of IDRO. A conceptual model is presented for implementation of new commercialization process in IDRO Paper Details
      • Open Access Paper

        4 - The Necessity of quality improvement in Iran Higher Education
         
        Higher education in Iran has faced with two important challenges after Islamic revolution. Firestone is the historical underdevelopment in quantitative expansion of higher education and the second is rapid population growth, which caused high demand for enhancement of Full Text
        Higher education in Iran has faced with two important challenges after Islamic revolution. Firestone is the historical underdevelopment in quantitative expansion of higher education and the second is rapid population growth, which caused high demand for enhancement of higher education. Of course, other factors such as cultural context and lack of job opportunities for secondary school graduates had also have played important role in demand for providing more places for university applicants. This situation caused the quantitative expansion of higher education to be considered as the first priority of the Ministry of Science, Research and Technology. Foundation of Payame-Nour University (distance learning), private higher education institutions, Islamic Azad University, e-learning courses, evening courses and joint diplomas with International universities were among higher education policies in recent years. As a result students’ population increased from 150,000 in 1978 to 3,500,000 in 2008. In Particular, increase in the post graduate studies, besides human resources development caused a great advancement in the research status of the country. There is no doubt that quantitative expansion of higher education in Iran is one of the most glorious achievements after the revolution, but at the same time along with expansion of students’ population and diversification of higher education systems particular ,in private sector, the quality of higher education should be of main concern for policy makers in this sector. This paper would review the most important challenges of higher education as the roles of total quality management systems encounter the involved factors Paper Details
      • Open Access Paper

        5 - Government, Industry and University Relations, the Horizon of Iran 1404
           
        The relation between government, industry and university is a pivotal issue in moving towards the 20 year vision of science and technology development of the country. Identifying and detail study of underlying factors and forces are necessary for improving this relation Full Text
        The relation between government, industry and university is a pivotal issue in moving towards the 20 year vision of science and technology development of the country. Identifying and detail study of underlying factors and forces are necessary for improving this relation. In addition to analyzing the current situations, a future study approach should be undertaken to evaluate and asses the compliance of development plans with the goals and targets of the document of 20 Year Vision. In this paper, the result of a future study of some of the factors affecting the said relation with the horizon of 1404, involving some of the specialist and policy makers in the field of science and technology, is presented Paper Details
      • Open Access Paper

        6 - Ideal Model of Interaction between Government, Industry and University: The Case Study Experiences of Iranian Technology Cooperation Office (TCO)
           
        Today, innovation is considered to be the main factor affecting the long-term growth of nations. This, in turn, justifies the vast amount of studies this issue. Regarding the aforementioned prominence, the present study aims at investigating different theories and patte Full Text
        Today, innovation is considered to be the main factor affecting the long-term growth of nations. This, in turn, justifies the vast amount of studies this issue. Regarding the aforementioned prominence, the present study aims at investigating different theories and pattern for innovation at the national level including: linear model, systemic approach and triple helix. University-Industry-Government (UIG) linkage and its transformation in Iran more deeply is reviewed. Then, the experiences of Iranian presidency Technology Cooperation Office (TCO) are investigated. Finally, policy implications from the studied cases are mentioned as the conclusion Paper Details
      • Open Access Paper

        7 - The Role of Private Universities in Country Development
           
        : Development of communication industry and university on mutual basis, needs and capabilities, is carried out and models presented by the experts on this basis has been designed and implemented. Industry related to government and state universities has made an organic Full Text
        : Development of communication industry and university on mutual basis, needs and capabilities, is carried out and models presented by the experts on this basis has been designed and implemented. Industry related to government and state universities has made an organic government impact in a way that the direction of industry and university development policies have been largely in accordance with the political requirements of the country over last century. Constitutional accomplishment of Article No. 44 and the growing trend in the privatization companies and government organizations follows this principle, certainly increased competition between these companies and organizations’ that are creating new fields of application for increasing competitive capacity and maintain standards of goods and services. Constitutional accomplishment of Article No. 44, public universities, due to initial state governing backgrounds, being strictly in accordance with the government rules, cannot make their principle contributions to increasing demand by society and industry sectors. Moreover, as the government role is decreased and faded out, lack of legal mechanisms of governance for development and university industry relationship, caused this relationship being shifted from Government command to personal command. A relationship which is requirement and background is unknown. In this article we intend to investigate mutual needs and capabilities from the industry and universities point of view to transition procedure from state institutions to non-governmental organizations Paper Details