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      • Open Access Article

        1 - The effects of organizational ethics on entrepreneurial behavior in organizations and industry
        احمد عربشاهی کریزی ghasem ramezanpour
        Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of  organizational ethics on the entrepreneurial behavior of employees in the organization. Method: The present research is applied based on objective and survey-type according to data collection method. Findin Full Text
        Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of  organizational ethics on the entrepreneurial behavior of employees in the organization. Method: The present research is applied based on objective and survey-type according to data collection method. Findings: The Statistical population comprises employees of Imam Khomeini Relief Foundation of Kashmar. Questionnaire is used to collecting data. We used Pearson correlation‎test for data analysis and hypothesis testing. The results are as follows the main hypothesis and subsidiary hypotheses were confirmed. Conclusion: The analysis results indicate that the organizational ethics has significant and positive effects on entrepreneurial behavior. Manuscript Document
      • Open Access Article

        2 - Benchmarking of Innovation Support : Trend Development Study on the Projects of Laureates of Khwarizmi International Prize (KIP)
        homa ghaed sharafi ghasem ramezanpour
        The present survey investigates the trend development of research projects of laureates of Khwarizmi International Prize (KIP), with an overview of EU & OECD policies for innovation support is studied. The type of this study is descriptive by using questionnaire for dat Full Text
        The present survey investigates the trend development of research projects of laureates of Khwarizmi International Prize (KIP), with an overview of EU & OECD policies for innovation support is studied. The type of this study is descriptive by using questionnaire for data collection and/or personal interview by this performer with the performer of the prize winner's project. The data analyzed in this survey are based on responses received from the laureates who are sent the questionnaires inquiring the condition of their research project. The data analyzed were from 70 questionnaires and the qualitative data analysis method is used for description.     Analysis of data suggests that 97% of the laureates are male, 57% of the laureates are engineers or university graduates at M.Eng. level. 27% of them have completed their graduate degree in Electronic and Electrical Engineering; 31% of executive organizations are universities and 31.8% of the laureates have completed their studies at Sharif Industrial University; 71% of the organizations are public; and 50% of the projects are at industrial stage. It was found that 52% of problems were financial. "Lack of protection" is the most significant challenges to laureates (53%). At the Industrial stage, 50% of the projects at the highest level need financial support.     The European ::union:: (EU) has adopted a system approach based on innovation policy and provides direct financial and services support for innovators. The innovation policy aims to support an increase in the productivity, profitability and market share of European firms through the development and adoption of new or improved products, processes and services. Moreover, the EU intends to improve innovation support and also helps in understanding specific drives and barriers to innovation at sector level.     In OECD countries, public policy has direct or indirect impact on factors that affect innovative activity. All OECD countries use significant amounts of public money to support innovation activities that intend to stimulate innovation. It is a long time since in almost all countries the general idea of IP policy has been directed to greater protection for the rights of IP holders, especially for patents. Indeed, the availability of sufficient human resources for science and technology is an important factor for innovative activities. Education and training policies have an important impact on innovation.   Manuscript Document