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      1 - Methods of teaching science and technology of engineering with a look at the experiences of industrial countries
      firooz bakhtiarinezhad nahid sheikhan
      Number41 , Year , AutumnWinter 2019
      The fields of engineering and technical possess the great importance in the knowledge-based economy due to the interaction they have with technology and scientific development. Over the last few decades, the main trend of engineering education in industrialized countri Full Text
      The fields of engineering and technical possess the great importance in the knowledge-based economy due to the interaction they have with technology and scientific development. Over the last few decades, the main trend of engineering education in industrialized countries have been constantly changing, and they tend to be biased toward engineering science and engineering technology. The engineering technology is for immediate and direct industrial needs, and the engineering sciences is to formulate methods and standards in design through modeling and analysis, and the acquisition of basic abilities for entry into graduate education for the production of science and innovation. Considering that scientific development is mainly carried out by PhD students by carrying out developmental research in the field of engineering and technical, and the development of technology is realized by senior students and research centers in applied research; therefore, in this paper, the results of studies on the teaching of science and engineering are presented with a look at the experiences of the industrialized countries and the suggestions for improving the methods of engineering education especially mechanical engineering are presented too. Paper Details

    • Open Access Paper

      2 - A Study of the Institutional Causes of the Underdeveloped Iranian Shoe and Leather Industry in the 19th Century
       
      Number41 , Year , AutumnWinter 2019
      In the past two centuries, Iran has not only expanded its market in industrial confrontations with the West and the East, but has failed to maintain its market. The West and the East, at different times, began the offensive by sending cheap and varied goods to Iranian Full Text
      In the past two centuries, Iran has not only expanded its market in industrial confrontations with the West and the East, but has failed to maintain its market. The West and the East, at different times, began the offensive by sending cheap and varied goods to Iranian markets. The Iranian economic and political system was not able to institutionalize, fund and equip resources, establish efficient commercial and industrial policies, and in particular design efficient and appropriate institutional structures, to support and support innovation to generate competitive capacity in the industrial economy. It has therefore failed to organize adequate defenses and has been steadily retreating and becoming the surplus of industrial economies and supplying cheap petroleum raw materials to emerging economies. This historic trend, which began as the industrial revolution unfolded and the emergence of the global economy, led to a collapse in Iran's hand-made industrial economy, which was unable to produce competitively and machine-made. The level of systematic and efficient functioning of government institutions, property rights, the education system, and businesses are major contributors to development development. The purpose of this research, which is based on a library method based on analytical sources and historical documents and with a descriptive-analytical approach, is to investigate the performance of institutional elements in the leather, handbags, footwear and related industries in the 19th century. Iran to analyze. It has therefore failed to organize adequate defenses and has been relatively steadily retreating, becoming a surplus of industrial economies and a supplier of cheap petroleum raw materials to emerging economies. This historical trend, which began at the same time as the Industrial Revolution and the emergence of the world economy, caused Iran's hand-made industrial economy, which was unable to produce competitively and mechanically, to collapse. The systematic and efficient performance of government institutions, property rights, the education system and enterprises as major factors involved in the development context are important parts in this regard. The purpose of this research, which has been done by library method and relying on analytical sources and historical documents and with a descriptive-analytical approach, is that the performance of institutional elements in the leather, bag, shoe and related industries in the nineteenth century, In Iran, to analyze and study. Paper Details

    • Open Access Paper

      3 - Higher Education and Development in China
      yousef hojjat
      Number41 , Year , AutumnWinter 2019
      This article presents the experiences of more than two years of scientific advisory responsibility in China, relying on universities and their relationship with industry. First, the history and development process of higher education as well as the scientific achievemen Full Text
      This article presents the experiences of more than two years of scientific advisory responsibility in China, relying on universities and their relationship with industry. First, the history and development process of higher education as well as the scientific achievements of universities are presented on the achievements of universities. China's scientific capabilities and publications, and to some extent comparisons with the world, are discussed. Some of the scientific centers that play an important role in building China today and tomorrow, including the Chinese Academy of Sciences, are briefly described, and finally, the joint scientific activities between industry and academia, namely patents and joint papers. Paper Details

    • Open Access Paper

      4 - Barriers to entrepreneurship in agricultural college education
      soulmaz dorri Amir Mozafar  Amini Sedehi Soodabeh  Saraei
      Number41 , Year , AutumnWinter 2019
      The purpose of this research, which is a descriptive research with qualitative approach. Identification of agricultural entrepreneurship barriers in university education in Isfahan province. The statistical population consists of knowledgeable entrepreneurs from differe Full Text
      The purpose of this research, which is a descriptive research with qualitative approach. Identification of agricultural entrepreneurship barriers in university education in Isfahan province. The statistical population consists of knowledgeable entrepreneurs from different fields of agriculture, which is estimated at 40. And all members were examined. Required data were collected through a semi-structured exploratory interview. Using content analysis strategy, 26 items were extracted. The categories were presented to the statistical population in a questionnaire and their degree of importance was asked based on the Likert spectrum. Then, using exploratory factor analysis, SPSS software was used to identify the variables. The KMO value was 0,829 and the value of the Bartlett test was 3328.763 which was significant at 99%. The results of factor analysis showed that the total variance explained by the five factors extracted from the studied items was 69.221%. In this research, motivational and attitudinal barriers, structural barriers, educational barriers, economic and environmental obstacles and personality barriers were explained by 17.11%, 17.066%, 14.336%, 11.465% and 9.218% respectively Total variance was identified as the most important obstacles to agricultural entrepreneurship in university education. Paper Details

    • Open Access Paper

      5 - Social responsibilities in scientific-educational organizations: how to redesign the business model
      reza abbasi hosein sormeh
      Number41 , Year , AutumnWinter 2019
      The commitment of business owners to the design of the business model in away that ,in addition to providing its own benefits, improves the commuintys well- being and environmental sustainability, is at the forefront of customers attentino. The purpose of this study was Full Text
      The commitment of business owners to the design of the business model in away that ,in addition to providing its own benefits, improves the commuintys well- being and environmental sustainability, is at the forefront of customers attentino. The purpose of this study was to redesign the business model with an emphasis an social and environmental considerations at scientific and educational organizations. The present research is a practical purpose and the research organization of this research is the largest educational nongovernmental educational institution in Iran, which is active in the field of teaching and publishing study books and conucting program tests and academic planning. For this purpose and as a research sample, 1300 of the customer groups including students, students and funded scholars, blind and disabled students as well as groups of school builders, university dormitories and libraries were Selected and reviewed. Given the proposed values, the business model was presented in the social and environmental responsibility layers, so that in the new business model, the three proposed values in the field of social responsibility include social justice (educational), special services for particular classes and promotion Commonly accepted values of the community and two proposed environmental values, including the promotion of environmental protection and the use of green technologies. Paper Details

    • Open Access Paper

      6 - Explaining the strategic position of Pardis Technology Park in the development of the country's knowledge-based economy
      Yasin  Saeidi Rasoul  Rajaei
      Number41 , Year , AutumnWinter 2019
      Science and technology parks, as an organization with the aim of increasing wealth in society, are managed by professionals to move the flow of knowledge and technology between universities, research and development institutes, private companies and the market. Through Full Text
      Science and technology parks, as an organization with the aim of increasing wealth in society, are managed by professionals to move the flow of knowledge and technology between universities, research and development institutes, private companies and the market. Through growth centers, these parks strengthen innovative organizations and facilitate reproductive processes, and act as an environment in which independent research units, affiliated with organizations and industries, are integrated and covered to support creativity and innovation. To pay. The ultimate mission of these parks is to reconcile the results of academic research with the needs of industry in order to fill the gap between industry and academia, and this will ultimately lead to the commercialization of knowledge. Therefore, due to these functions, the formation and development of many emerging technological phenomena occur from within these parks, and governments try to provide working conditions for small and medium-sized companies and attract international technology-based companies by creating a suitable environment. In Iran, in recent years, these parks have expanded significantly and in a situation where the country is facing unilateral sanctions, they have been able to play an effective role in the use of indigenous knowledge and technology. In this regard, the purpose of this article is to address the importance and main functions of science and technology parks in the world as well as in Iran. In the following, considering the role of Pardis Technology Park as the largest and most important technology park in the country in the development of knowledge-based economy and also its strategic position in the innovation ecosystem, has been studied. Paper Details

    • Open Access Paper

      1 - Innovation and University; Reflection on the Formation and Development of Innovative University
        tayebeh mosaviamiri reza iranpour
      Number40 , Year , SpringSummer 2018
      Today, the impact of innovation on economic growth and development and the progress of countries is very much considered. Many leading science and technology countries are countries that have tried to innovate at all levels and dimensions of the ecosystem of innovation. Full Text
      Today, the impact of innovation on economic growth and development and the progress of countries is very much considered. Many leading science and technology countries are countries that have tried to innovate at all levels and dimensions of the ecosystem of innovation. One of the most important and important components of the innovation ecosystem of each country is universities. Today, universities have a significant role in the production of science and technology. Also, many universities in developed and developing countries have tried to innovate in their educational structure and to be transformative. Innovative University is the most suitable platform for achieving this goal and expanding innovation at various academic levels. In this regard, we tried to study the literature of the University of Innovation by using a library research method (secondary studies of the kind of theater) and based on the study of information sources. The study population of this study was all sources and library documentation. The present research studies theoretical foundations, explaining the concept and key features and strategies for achieving the innovative university. The purpose of this paper is to examine the role of innovation and the ecosystem of innovation in the formation and development of the innovative university, as well as the study of the structure of the innovative university.   Paper Details

    • Open Access Paper

      2 - Assessing barriers to university-industry development program goals Sixth using confirmatory factor analysis
      mahdi saghafi ali banihashemi ali mohamadzadeh
      Number40 , Year , SpringSummer 2018
      One of the objectives of the sixth research and development of scientific research in order to reduce economic and social damages, and strategies to solve problems with them . On the other hand the Ministry of Industry, Mine and Trade is required in order to fulfill the Full Text
      One of the objectives of the sixth research and development of scientific research in order to reduce economic and social damages, and strategies to solve problems with them . On the other hand the Ministry of Industry, Mine and Trade is required in order to fulfill the objectives of the sixth development programs with partner universities in this regard are factors may prevent communication between university and industry. Based on the aim of the present study, functional and perform descriptive terms has been supported by extensive research library. A questionnaire consisting of 33 questions developed and  And between 144 faculty members of universities and industrial managers of Birjand who were randomly selected and selected on the basis of Cochran form were collected and collected.. To analyze data, exploratory factor analysis, verification and system software LISREL structural equation is used, in order to assess the relationship between variables and ranked them, the tests Dvjmlh¬Ay, t-Factor and Friedman interest is taken.   Paper Details

    • Open Access Paper

      3 - The effect of work ethic and job identity on job involvement in staffs at University of Kashan (research in university: strategy for industry)
      hamid rahimi
      Number40 , Year , SpringSummer 2018
      The purpose of this research was the effect of work ethic and job identity on job involvement in staffs at University of Kashan. Research type is descriptive correlative. The statistical population consisted all of staffs' in University of Kashan (N=547) that by Cochran Full Text
      The purpose of this research was the effect of work ethic and job identity on job involvement in staffs at University of Kashan. Research type is descriptive correlative. The statistical population consisted all of staffs' in University of Kashan (N=547) that by Cochran Formula and simple randomized sampling 242 ones were chosen as sample. To gathering data’s used from three questionnaire work ethic in four components with 23 items, job identity in five component with 15 items and job involvement with 10 items in terms. Questionnaires content & construction validity confirmed. Through Cronbach alpha coefficient, reliability coefficients were obtained equal to 0.73 for work ethic, 0.82 for job identity and 0.83 for job involvement. Data analyses done in two level descriptive & inferential statistics through Spss & Amos software’s. Finding showed mean of work ethic, job identity and job involvement were upper than average. Correlation coefficient showed work ethic components on job involvement have positive & significant effect but job identity components on job involvement have positive & no significant effect. Regression coefficient revealed only work ethic could predict job involvement in staffs.   Paper Details

    • Open Access Paper

      4 - Sociological study of the relationship between university and industry
      Mohammad ali Amirpoorsaeed
      Number40 , Year , SpringSummer 2018
      If we look at the society from a Structural Functionalism point of view, all human societies have systems and sub-systems that need to work to benefit from these existing sub-systems in order to grow and advance their level of development. Undoubtedly, a dynamic balance Full Text
      If we look at the society from a Structural Functionalism point of view, all human societies have systems and sub-systems that need to work to benefit from these existing sub-systems in order to grow and advance their level of development. Undoubtedly, a dynamic balance between these sub-systems can be an effective and vital factor for the development and growth of any society. Undoubtedly, the institutions of the university and industry are two very important institutions in the development of new societies. Our country is a developing society, in the sense of a transition that needs to be balanced and coordinated in order to achieve its goals, in order to provide a better level of well-being and a better life for its members. For this reason, different institutions in a society need to have a lot of coordination and communication so that society can achieve its development goals. The aim of this study is to study the relationships and interactions between the institutions of the university and the industry, as well as to find out what factors contribute to this relationship and what factors can be an obstacle to this interrelationship. In this research, we try to collect information using library data. Using this method, we try to analyze them with the help of existing data and resources, as well as researches carried out in this field, and present their results in the form of a new research. Paper Details

    • Open Access Paper

      5 - Academic Entrepreneurship: A Stage Based Model
         
      Number40 , Year , SpringSummer 2018
                      Today, the Entrepreneur University, academic entrepreneurship, and the commercialization of academic research are somehow attracting attention that has put pressure on academic institutions to become entrepreneurs. Accordingly, the present study aims to Full Text
                      Today, the Entrepreneur University, academic entrepreneurship, and the commercialization of academic research are somehow attracting attention that has put pressure on academic institutions to become entrepreneurs. Accordingly, the present study aims to design and develop a step-by-step model of university entrepreneurship. In this model there are five stages in the process of university entrepreneurship that are: motivation, governance, selection, competition, and performance. The process of entrepreneurship originates from the motivation of faculty members from universities, industries and government to commercialize science and knowledge from academic research. In this model, the governance and competitiveness stages associated with the process of commercialization of academic knowledge make the selection of the method fit and, ultimately, the implementation of academic entrepreneurship. This research has a descriptive-analytic dimension and has been done through documentary study. Findings of the research confirm that the step-by-step model of university entrepreneurship is a structured way to understand facilitator and mediator relationships that stimulate entrepreneurship mobility.   Paper Details

    • Open Access Paper

      6 - Application of QFD approach to improve Collaboration between Electricity Industry and University
      Mohsen Shafiei Nikabadi Azim Zarei haniye shambayati ali eskandarzade
      Number40 , Year , SpringSummer 2018
      Progress and development of a country requires maximum use of its capabilities and potentials. The connection between industry and university leads to effective use of scientific capabilities of university and facilities and experience of industry. This relation is more Full Text
      Progress and development of a country requires maximum use of its capabilities and potentials. The connection between industry and university leads to effective use of scientific capabilities of university and facilities and experience of industry. This relation is more effective when industry and university are aware of each other's capabilities and needs in order to have an effective and goal-oriented cooperation. The aim of this research is to use educational and research services of university to find necessary solutions and technical requirements to recognize the needs of electricity industry as one of the most important infrastructure industries of the country and also the degree of importance and priority of each necessity be determined. First by interviewing electricity industry elites, needs of electricity industry were determined and technical requirements for meeting those needs were exploited. Then the relation between necessities and requirements was determined by the means of QFD matrix. After that the requirements which had the most relation with necessities were declared. These solutions were sorted by the Analytic Hierarchy Process technique. The results showed that the most important needs of the electrical industry are "specialist human resources in the field of electrical engineering" and "availability of academic staff in the field of electrical engineering. Paper Details

    • Open Access Paper

      7 - xxxx
      reza mahidi masoud shafiee
      Number36 , Year , SpringSummer 2017
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    • Open Access Paper

      8 - World-Class University: An exploration of Concepts, Approaches and Strategies
      Mohammad Farzaneh hassanreza zeinabadi abdolrahim nave ebrahim bijan abdollahi
      Number36 , Year , SpringSummer 2017
      Raising the educational and academic status and ranking of universities to that of internationally accepted world-class universities has become the goal of many university higher administrators around the globe in recent years. This trend has been made possible and acce Full Text
      Raising the educational and academic status and ranking of universities to that of internationally accepted world-class universities has become the goal of many university higher administrators around the globe in recent years. This trend has been made possible and accelerated by rapid global economic growth and development. World-class universities, are essential in developing a nation’s competitiveness in the global knowledge economy. These universities, at the pinnacle of the higher education hierarchy, play key roles in creating and disseminating knowledge, educating a highly skilled workforce, and serving the needs of society. This paper tries to take advantage of the existing literature in the field of World-Class University, and with do a review of the literature the introduce the concept of World-Class University and strategies towards the building world-class universities. The results indicated that in recent years The concept of the world-class university has become a concept much invoked by governments and also by universities themselves in many countries and is an idea now firmly embedded in the higher education policies and strategies of a range of nations. Various developmental strategies at national and institutional levels have been drawn up and implemented. Clearly the worldwide market for students and the ceaseless search for research funding and prestige are crucial elements in this fascination with the idea of a world-class university, as well as the desire of governments for universities to contribute to their national economies. Despite or maybe because of the lack of a clear definition of the concept,  the ‘world-class’ notion  has become everyday language in many universities. This paper tries to take advantage of the existing literature in the field of World-Class University, and with do a review of the literature the introduce the concept of World-Class University and strategies towards the building world-class universities.   Paper Details

    • Open Access Paper

      9 - The Smart Specialisation and the roles of universities in the ecosystem of innovation in the evolution towards sustainability.
      mohammad zarinjooee mohammad ali nemati
      Number36 , Year , SpringSummer 2017
      Globalisation and the rise of the knowledge economy have contributed to redefining and extending the roles of universities in society. Together with teaching (first mission) and researching (second mission), the third-mission concept and fourth mission was suggested to Full Text
      Globalisation and the rise of the knowledge economy have contributed to redefining and extending the roles of universities in society. Together with teaching (first mission) and researching (second mission), the third-mission concept and fourth mission was suggested to identify interactions between universities and the rest of society, and co-creation for sustainability. This transition have been transformed from entrepreneurial to transformative university. The basic enabler of innovation (co- creation and exploitation of knowledge, seeking for opportunity and capacity building), the basic principle of triple and fourth(quadruple)helix , and the role of universities in the third and fourth missions to develop capacities and support the change in concept of innovation through the Smart Specialisation Strategy(S3) and several studies in this context was discussed. from the perspective of innovation policy, several trend and problem in lagged and developing countries in conclusion was discussed. Paper Details

    • Open Access Paper

      10 - std
      reza mahidi masoud shafiee
      Number34 , Year , AutumnWinter 2016
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